Yehiel Gotkis – The Universe strings. Is the following answering what they are?

  by Yehiel Gotkis

Waves and strings. 

It started from a surprising and exciting observation – tidal waves were appearing not smooth but consisting of bundles of strings. Which induced my deep interest to this phenomenon driving me and finally providing an intriguing clue into the fundamentals of strings and associated cosmological phenomena. 

The strings appeared structuring the tidal waves practically always. Like engraving them. Even significant turbulence could not completely destroy their well correlated and tight bundles.

This phenomenon first caught my technological attention, because, as a semiconductor (SC) technologist, I am aware about quite a number of advanced technologies utilizing spreading fluids to create a later solidified thin film by pouring the fluid over a central section of a spinning SC wafer for centrifugal forces to force it spreading uniformly (hopefully) over the wafer surface. The observed string formation, if being an intrinsic property of spreading fluids, may occur in any fluid spreading process including all those involved in advanced SC fabrication, ultimately affecting device yield and reliability.

Here below you can see a magnified section of the Pacific coastal waves picture I made, boldly showing their string-ed structure.

You can also find numerous examples of similar structures examining the relevant pictures published at the Web. A combo picture below shows a vortex with strings still well recognizable within its funnel, and also a great looking string-ed wave. Also a selection “”Waves and strings” is presented part at the top and part at the end of this summary.

vortex and wave and strings

Luckily, at this point, I was looking through a paper on Superradiance (SR) phenomenon – a radiation enhancement process involving interaction of a propagating wave with an energy-dissipating system (like, for example, a vortex) resulting in energy and angular momentum exchange between them. And it immediately came to my mind that the concept of propagating string-ed waves may greatly assist in better understanding of the SR phenomenon.It shows how the vortex-imposed wrenching action pushes the scattered strings to compress when the directions of the local vortex wave translation momenta coincide, resulting in their increased amplitudes, or to stretch when their directions oppose. And it also shows how the vortex-imposed wrenching action pushes the scattered strings to compress when the directions of the local vortex wave translation momenta coincide, resulting in their increased amplitudes, or to stretch when their directions oppose. And also how the vortex wrenching action forces the incoming plane wave strings to bend and turn propagating in the wrenching dictated direction with the nearby to the vortex wavy waters being swallowed into the vortex funnel.

These matters become even more clear if the spiral wave normally generated by the vortex (See the video below, observed and described at and is taken into account while considering the plane wave and the vortex spiral, actually double spiral, wave interference.


Well, this idea… was finally not in wrong.

Here what I discovered while doing some video image analysis from the work (its first 5 sec) published at Nature Phys. and reviewed at

But first, let me tell why I considered to look into their video and snapshot images. The authors of this work utilized the phenomenon of plane waves interaction with a bath-tub vortex to address the SR matters. I am not going to review the results of this work and the conclusions, I just am going to use their published video to look into the wave propagation details and present here my findings based on combo of my data and analysis of their images.

As I assumed above, when the string-ed plane wave reaches the vortex, the vortex-imposed wrenching action will cause the forward scattered strings to be longitudinally compressed and rise in their amplitudes. And also force the strings to bend and turn to propagate in the wrenching ordered direction. Well, as it appeared, my opinion on the vortex action was overly too kind with regard to what finally came out to be way more cruel than I could expect.

The set of images below (original representative snapshot from the mentioned above work, and two its black&white copies with different level of contrast and brightness manipulated to better highlight what the images revealed. In the images, the surface light reflections clearly mark the wave sequence propagating towards the vortex with easily observable its maxima and minima, as well as the vortex circle itself. Being not sure about the origin of the bottom shade waviness and considering relevant only effects related to reflections by the upper water surface, I manipulated the image contrast and brightness to minimize the bottom shadow contributions (see the lower right image).

And, here are the observations:

  • The incoming wave fronts, maybe not perfectly, but clearly demonstrate here and there (where the light is properly reflected under given set of conditions) multiple fragments of the wave string-ed structure
  • The vortex wrenching (counterclockwise) action forces the incoming plane wave strings to bend and turn to propagate in the wrenching dictated direction around the vortex, while the nearby to the vortex sections of the waving water being pulled into the funnel. Actually, the vortex pulling and bending action upon the wave fronts clearly manifests itself already quite at a distance on the side where the wave propagation direction and the direction of the vortex angular movement coincide  (lower side of the image shown)
  • The vortex wrenching action not only bends and dis-bundles the wave strings, but also smashes and rips them apart causing structural chaos in the nearby area around and especially beyond the vortex.
  • The mentioned features are conceptually well reproduced in all, more than a dozen, snapshots extracted and analysed.

Plane wave and vortex

So, was it worth to dig into somebody else’s experiments without knowing exactly the details, conditions etc.? Yes, in this case it was worth indeed, especially, because not any subjective interference could be expected. And I learned a lot while combining this analysis with my own observations on tidal waves:

  1. The waves and the strings make a oneness, an indivisible cohesion, with the strings being the waviness fine structural elements. Appearing as“engraving” the waves.
  2. The spacetime as a continuous entity is subjected to waviness due to disturbances induced by motion of mass objects, appearing as gravitational ripples of different periods, amplitudes and wavelengths all over the spacetime. Like ripples over the surface of ocean. Causing time-dependent and location-dependent migrating stressed spots.
  3. And where the (gravitational) ripples there the strings – short and long, thick and thin, well bundled and dis-bundled, disrupted and distorted by intense turbulences (like Black Holes) assisting the spacetime to withstand the shear stresses.

So, my major conclusive points are:

Strings appear everywhere where waviness appears unless excessive turbulence smashes them.

Waves and strings make an indivisible oneness. The waves are assembled of strings with the strings being the waves fine structural  elements.

The Universe, being populated with dynamic waviness, is thereby also populated with by a variety of strings continuously changing their locations and geometry – short and long, thick and thin, bundled and dis-bundled, distorted and fragmented by intense turbulent actions.

Well, this is our brain, never stops working – use it or loose it. I think I finally got an idea on what drives the large (f(x,y,t)) waves to split in strings – it is just the simple energy minimization. In other words, each particular f(x,t) wave (or string) of the overall f(x,y,t) large bundle must be as independent as possible ((within the limits provided by the string-to-string adherence forces) to minimize energy losses due to inevitable in reality distortions, distresses, jerks, shocks, pulls etc..

So, it is a natural property of a large wave, actually, of any flowing flexible continuous medium, a continuous substantia, exposed to a rippling force field and associated time-dependent and location-dependent stresses. Under such aggressive conditions the medium can survive in long run only possessing an efficient capability to avert integrity disruptions due to shear stress spikes.

Well, then out of this comes the following deduction:


And finally, to answer the question formulated in the title, I should say

The Universe strings are the fibers, the material from which the PSEUDO-CONTINIOUS SPACETIME, as a stringy fabric, must be woven.

Sounds good to me at this point. Well, not yet. Here is something to add

I just reminded myself that every and each particle, due to wave–particle duality principle, is associated with particular wave            (Lous de Broglie).

And, again, where the waves there the strings. So, particles – the regular matter bricks, should be also considered as built of strings. Voilà

The strings, seemingly, are the basic building element of every and each entity in the Universe .

It is amazing how a quick observation of a natural development (waves strings at the California Pacific coast, in this case) may drive human mind towards considering the most fundamental things in the Nature. Now I trust the story about Isaac Newton and the apple.

That’s it. I hope…

1 thought on “Yehiel Gotkis – The Universe strings. Is the following answering what they are?”

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