“Galactic” development around a liquid vortex (LV)

By Yehiel Gotkis

Galaxy pattern 5

 

Intro. A handful of shredded dry leaves was spread over the water surface (at the right side of the observation spot, see the image a) and the cloud of the shredded stuff, being driven by the water flow, in some time developed a spiral galaxy-like shape. I started analyzing and considering this phenomenon in my previous publication on the matters associated with the details of the  liquid vortex action                                       (https://yehielgotkis.blog/2017/01/26/black-holes-to-pull-in-the-spacetime-it-looks-like-it-is-indeed-so/).

Briefly it was observed and concluded that:

  1. An initially shapeless cloud of floating shredded dry leaves was in some time arranged in a galaxy-like shape
  2. The whirling waters, while flowing (naturally) into the drain, were guiding and driving the floating leaves to move into the funnel. To be able of guiding the leaves, a tight intimate engagement between the water and the leaves had to be existent.

In relation to the BHs (considering the upper water surface as corresponding the spacetime and the shredded leaves the regular matter), for the spacetime to move the matter it would require the matter and the spacetime to be also tightly engaged.

  1. The floating leaves were arranging in a galaxy-like shape – what drove the initially disarranged cloud of intellectless leaves to shape in spirals? Obviously, it was the water flows guiding the leaves to follow its whirling streams – the floating leaves would never shape up in spirals if not guided by the whirling flowing waters.
  2. This important deduction leads to an unambiguous conclusion: If in a system A made of a non-continuous medium a wavy, spiral or a similar structure is revealed, it must be postulated that there is an adjoined system B in tight contact with A, made of continuous medium or containing a continuous medium as a basic component where a wave generating or a vortex action are/were actuated (continuous medium is essential for developing a vortex, waves, whirling action etc.).
  3. And vice versa, if a system made of continuous medium contains a vortex or a source generating waviness or wave-like turbulence, the corresponding wavy signatures will appear in all the adjoined contacting systems.
  4. With reference to the galaxies, the only feature to be thought of being continuous and in tight contact with the galactic matter is the spacetime. Being actuated by the BH vortex to whirl while being pulled into the BH, the spacetime acts as the adjoined system B.
  5. So, as in the LV case, the spiral shape of the galaxies points out at the existence of a swirling continuous medium in direct contact with the galactic matter. Which, seemingly, can only be the spacetime, whirlingly draining into the BH gravitational vortex and guiding the galactic matter to arrange in spiral shapes.
  6. In both LV and BH cases the floating stuff just decorates the flow dynamics and structural profile of the engaged whirling medium in the same way as the fine powder the criminal investigators powder the fingerprints to make them visible.

 

Well, after spending some more time with the videos of the LV galactic developments I came to a conclusion that this phenomenon deserves a more thorough attention.

Here below my additional analysis of the related image details are summarized:

  1. Starting from the very first interaction moments the floating cloud is moving, actually is moved by the flow, primarily in the angular direction around the vortex also slowly stretching along the circular floating trajectory (a,b).
  2. In the same time the cloud forms within itself some structured formations, clusters, strings and other irregularities, the mechanisms governing their structuring being  associated with water flow vorticity, floating matter wettability, capillary effects, adhesion and other surface, wetting and microflow phenomena. At these extended radii, the small scale vortex action is very mild capable only to transport around the whole mass of the cloud, just reforming its grand shape but not capable to destroy even weak wet bonded clusters.
  3. Early mid stages (c,d) – at some point the forth running cloud species reach the hard-acting LV zone and a different kind of structuring trend – fragmentation and , starts to develop:
    1. Big clusters loose species and undergo fragmentation
    2. The small fragments reshape settling along the spiral streams
    3. The forth running clouds sections reach the spaghettification zone where they are stretched, and the clusters are ripped apart, and crashed, and spiraling, the cloud matter is pulled and swallowed into the funnel.
    4. A clear full scaled double-spiral galaxy shape is steadily established
  4. Late mid stages (e,f) – a double-spiral galaxy-shaped cloud still steadily persists, but it gets less dense and with shortened wings because of material loss due to funnel appetite.

By the end, certainly, the floating material is completely consumed and the naked LV (or a BH) continues running its double spiral wave generation.

upper-with-core-separation

Forgot to mention that the related consecutive video clips are available at

 

 

 

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Surface reflections talk about wave – vortex interactions… And about superradiance bathtub experimentation

waves-and-vortex1.png

 

By Yehiel Gotkis

Based on the video from http://www.zmescience.com/science/simulating-black-hole-bath-tub/

Being interested in vortex science I looked into the video presented in http://www.zmescience.com/science/simulating-black-hole-bath-tub/. Observing the developments presented, I assumed that when a stringed wave (see the image below) approaches a vortex, the vortex-imposed wrenching action should cause the forward scattered strings to longitudinally compress and rise in their amplitudes, and an opposite trend should take place at the other side where the wave propagation direction opposes the direction of the vortex angular momentum. And also the vortex wrenching action should force the strings to bend and turn to propagate in the directions the wrenching action dictates.

strings short

Well, as it appeared, my expectation on the vortex action was overly too kind as compared to the actual action, much more aggressive and cruel, as well as a set of images with slightly reduced contrast, than I could expect (at least for the case presented in the cited video).

The set of images above (an original representative video snapshot from the mentioned work, and two its black&white copies with different level of contrast and brightness manipulated to better highlight the upper surface light reflections, and also a set of slightly less contrasted snapshots are shown at the end of this quick note.

In the images, the surface light reflections clearly mark the wave fronts propagating towards the vortex and the vortex circle itself.

Being not sure about the origin of the bottom shade waviness and considering relevant only the reflections by the upper water surface, I manipulated the image contrast and brightness to minimize the bottom shadow contributions. And, here are my conclusive remarks based on the corresponding image analysis:

  1. The wave fronts demonstrate, not perfectly, but clearly, here and there (where the light is properly reflected under given set of conditions) multiple fragments of the stringed wave structure
  2. The vortex counterclockwise wrenching action forces the incoming plane wave fronts to bend and turn to propagate in the counterclockwise direction around the vortex, while the nearby to the vortex wavy waters are pulled and swallowed into the vortex. Together with the information carried about the interaction details.
  3. The vortex pulling and bending action clearly manifests itself already quite at a distance to the funnel, especially on the side where the wave propagation direction and the direction of the vortex angular movement coincide (lower side of the image shown).
  4. Unfortunately, in this case the vortex wrenching action not only bends and dis-bundles the wave strings, but also smashes and rips them apart causing a complete (hardly analyzable) structural chaos in the nearby to vortex area and especially beyond it.
  5. The shown features are conceptually well reproduced in all, more than a dozen, snapshots extracted and analysed.

At the end, just a word about the way the authors of the cited work report on their FFT-loaded way of extracting information about the wave-vortex interference pattern. I am not a world class FFT expert, though have some relevant experience using it. Just by looking at the images, I can imagine how much noise has to be filtered out of the information mess the vortex creates to extract the buried in the noise interference bumps and dips. I always remind myself how easy in my experience was to create a periodic, though false, residual pattern when a non-perfect FFT filtering was applied. The FFT works great when the noise contribution is not a dominating factor.

Yes, BTW, pay attention what is going on these days with the LIGO data treatment approach, also heavily FFT- loaded.

A set of 12 snapshots with a slightly lessened contrast is shown below just to demonstrate how messy is the area around the vortex at different moments of time. And also numerous string-structured fragments appearing here and there all over the area around and beyond the vortex.

Vortex waves set

To help visualizing the large scale vortex circular action I am adding a one more set of images. It is about how the “matter” redistribution proceeds (steady state regime) around a vortex in a media with a very slow single-directional flow (from right to left in the images shown).

It starts with a “cloud” of a shredded floating stuff placed over the surface of the water at the right side of the exposed spot (a) With time under the action of the large scale circular vortex-induced flows was moved around and at some point developed a classical spiral galaxy pattern (b-e) with the vortex (Black Hole) pulling in and swallowing most of the stuff, the “matter”, from around (f) until it is completely exhausted.

Galaxy pattern

 

 

The Universe strings – is the following answering what they are? — Black holes draining the spacetime – does it sound that crazy? Maybe not if considering the following. If a hole, a Black Hole (BH), is created in the spacetime, absorbing matter and growing, it must stretch and pull the spacetime, as a rubber film, into the infinite depth of its singularity, meaning that the spacetime should actually flow, following the acquired regular matter, into the BH. The more matter acquired the more massive and fatter the BH. And more spacetime pulled in. Amazing, how far your mind can take you while observing just a water drain vortex in a water-park pond!

Waves and strings. It started from a surprising and exciting observation – tidal waves were appearing not smooth but consisting of bundles of strings. Which induced my deep interest to this phenomenon driving me and finally providing an intriguing clue into the fundamentals of strings and associated cosmological phenomena. The strings appeared structuring the tidal waves practically always. […]

via The Universe strings – is the following answering what they are? — Black holes draining the spacetime – does it sound that crazy? Maybe not if considering the following. If a hole, a Black Hole (BH), is created in the spacetime, absorbing matter and growing, it must stretch and pull the spacetime, as a rubber film, into the infinite depth of its singularity, meaning that the spacetime should actually flow, following the acquired regular matter, into the BH. The more matter acquired the more massive and fatter the BH. And more spacetime pulled in. Amazing, how far your mind can take you while observing just a water drain vortex in a water-park pond!

Yehiel Gotkis – The Universe strings. Is the following answering what they are?

  by Yehiel Gotkis

Waves and strings. 

It started from a surprising and exciting observation – tidal waves were appearing not smooth but consisting of bundles of strings. Which induced my deep interest to this phenomenon driving me and finally providing an intriguing clue into the fundamentals of strings and associated cosmological phenomena. 

The strings appeared structuring the tidal waves practically always. Like engraving them. Even significant turbulence could not completely destroy their well correlated and tight bundles.

This phenomenon first caught my technological attention, because, as a semiconductor (SC) technologist, I am aware about quite a number of advanced technologies utilizing spreading fluids to create a later solidified thin film by pouring the fluid over a central section of a spinning SC wafer for centrifugal forces to force it spreading uniformly (hopefully) over the wafer surface. The observed string formation, if being an intrinsic property of spreading fluids, may occur in any fluid spreading process including all those involved in advanced SC fabrication, ultimately affecting device yield and reliability.

Here below you can see a magnified section of the Pacific coastal waves picture I made, boldly showing their string-ed structure.

You can also find numerous examples of similar structures examining the relevant pictures published at the Web. A combo picture below shows a vortex with strings still well recognizable within its funnel, and also a great looking string-ed wave. Also a selection “”Waves and strings” is presented part at the top and part at the end of this summary.

vortex and wave and strings

Luckily, at this point, I was looking through a paper on Superradiance (SR) phenomenon – a radiation enhancement process involving interaction of a propagating wave with an energy-dissipating system (like, for example, a vortex) resulting in energy and angular momentum exchange between them. And it immediately came to my mind that the concept of propagating string-ed waves may greatly assist in better understanding of the SR phenomenon.It shows how the vortex-imposed wrenching action pushes the scattered strings to compress when the directions of the local vortex wave translation momenta coincide, resulting in their increased amplitudes, or to stretch when their directions oppose. And it also shows how the vortex-imposed wrenching action pushes the scattered strings to compress when the directions of the local vortex wave translation momenta coincide, resulting in their increased amplitudes, or to stretch when their directions oppose. And also how the vortex wrenching action forces the incoming plane wave strings to bend and turn propagating in the wrenching dictated direction with the nearby to the vortex wavy waters being swallowed into the vortex funnel.

These matters become even more clear if the spiral wave normally generated by the vortex (See the video below, observed and described at https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/gravity-driven-liquid-vortex-generic-analog-cosmic-black-gotkis and https://yehielgotkis.blog/) is taken into account while considering the plane wave and the vortex spiral, actually double spiral, wave interference.

 

Well, this idea… was finally not in wrong.

Here what I discovered while doing some video image analysis from the work https://www.nature.com/nphys/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nphys4151.html (its first 5 sec) published at Nature Phys. and reviewed at http://www.zmescience.com/science/simulating-black-hole-bath-tub/.

But first, let me tell why I considered to look into their video and snapshot images. The authors of this work utilized the phenomenon of plane waves interaction with a bath-tub vortex to address the SR matters. I am not going to review the results of this work and the conclusions, I just am going to use their published video to look into the wave propagation details and present here my findings based on combo of my data and analysis of their images.

As I assumed above, when the string-ed plane wave reaches the vortex, the vortex-imposed wrenching action will cause the forward scattered strings to be longitudinally compressed and rise in their amplitudes. And also force the strings to bend and turn to propagate in the wrenching ordered direction. Well, as it appeared, my opinion on the vortex action was overly too kind with regard to what finally came out to be way more cruel than I could expect.

The set of images below (original representative snapshot from the mentioned above work, and two its black&white copies with different level of contrast and brightness manipulated to better highlight what the images revealed. In the images, the surface light reflections clearly mark the wave sequence propagating towards the vortex with easily observable its maxima and minima, as well as the vortex circle itself. Being not sure about the origin of the bottom shade waviness and considering relevant only effects related to reflections by the upper water surface, I manipulated the image contrast and brightness to minimize the bottom shadow contributions (see the lower right image).

And, here are the observations:

  • The incoming wave fronts, maybe not perfectly, but clearly demonstrate here and there (where the light is properly reflected under given set of conditions) multiple fragments of the wave string-ed structure
  • The vortex wrenching (counterclockwise) action forces the incoming plane wave strings to bend and turn to propagate in the wrenching dictated direction around the vortex, while the nearby to the vortex sections of the waving water being pulled into the funnel. Actually, the vortex pulling and bending action upon the wave fronts clearly manifests itself already quite at a distance on the side where the wave propagation direction and the direction of the vortex angular movement coincide  (lower side of the image shown)
  • The vortex wrenching action not only bends and dis-bundles the wave strings, but also smashes and rips them apart causing structural chaos in the nearby area around and especially beyond the vortex.
  • The mentioned features are conceptually well reproduced in all, more than a dozen, snapshots extracted and analysed.

Plane wave and vortex

So, was it worth to dig into somebody else’s experiments without knowing exactly the details, conditions etc.? Yes, in this case it was worth indeed, especially, because not any subjective interference could be expected. And I learned a lot while combining this analysis with my own observations on tidal waves:

  1. The waves and the strings make a oneness, an indivisible cohesion, with the strings being the waviness fine structural elements. Appearing as“engraving” the waves.
  2. The spacetime as a continuous entity is subjected to waviness due to disturbances induced by motion of mass objects, appearing as gravitational ripples of different periods, amplitudes and wavelengths all over the spacetime. Like ripples over the surface of ocean. Causing time-dependent and location-dependent migrating stressed spots.
  3. And where the (gravitational) ripples there the strings – short and long, thick and thin, well bundled and dis-bundled, disrupted and distorted by intense turbulences (like Black Holes) assisting the spacetime to withstand the shear stresses.

So, my major conclusive points are:

Strings appear everywhere where waviness appears unless excessive turbulence smashes them.

Waves and strings make an indivisible oneness. The waves are assembled of strings with the strings being the waves fine structural  elements.

The Universe, being populated with dynamic waviness, is thereby also populated with by a variety of strings continuously changing their locations and geometry – short and long, thick and thin, bundled and dis-bundled, distorted and fragmented by intense turbulent actions.

Well, this is our brain, never stops working – use it or loose it. I think I finally got an idea on what drives the large (f(x,y,t)) waves to split in strings – it is just the simple energy minimization. In other words, each particular f(x,t) wave (or string) of the overall f(x,y,t) large bundle must be as independent as possible ((within the limits provided by the string-to-string adherence forces) to minimize energy losses due to inevitable in reality distortions, distresses, jerks, shocks, pulls etc..

So, it is a natural property of a large wave, actually, of any flowing flexible continuous medium, a continuous substantia, exposed to a rippling force field and associated time-dependent and location-dependent stresses. Under such aggressive conditions the medium can survive in long run only possessing an efficient capability to avert integrity disruptions due to shear stress spikes.

Well, then out of this comes the following deduction:

THE SPACETIME MUST BE PSEUDO-CONTINUOUS

And finally, to answer the question formulated in the title, I should say

The Universe strings are the fibers, the material from which the PSEUDO-CONTINIOUS SPACETIME, as a stringy fabric, must be woven.

Sounds good to me at this point. Well, not yet. Here is something to add

I just reminded myself that every and each particle, due to wave–particle duality principle, is associated with particular wave            (Lous de Broglie).

And, again, where the waves there the strings. So, particles – the regular matter bricks, should be also considered as built of strings. Voilà

The strings, seemingly, are the basic building element of every and each entity in the Universe .

It is amazing how a quick observation of a natural development (waves strings at the California Pacific coast, in this case) may drive human mind towards considering the most fundamental things in the Nature. Now I trust the story about Isaac Newton and the apple.

That’s it. I hope…

Waves and strings. Tidal waves observed appeared consisting of string bundles, providing an intriguing insight into strings fundamentals and associated phenomena.

As my observations show, strings are formed by tidal waves practically always. Even significant turbulence does not completely destroy their well correlated and tight bundles.

This phenomenon caught my technological attention because, as a SC technologist I am aware about quite a number of technological approaches, utilizing spreading liquid to create a later solidified thin film by pouring the liquid over a central section of a spinning wafer for centrifugal forces to force it spreading uniformly over the wafer surface. The observed string formation, if it is an intrinsic property  developing when a liquid flow persists, it may occur in any liquid thin film spreading process. Including all those involved in advanced SC wafer processing, ultimately affecting device yield and reliability.

Here below you can find a magnified section of the Pacific coastal waves picture clearly showing the string structure. You can also find numerous examples of similar structures examining the relevant pictures published at the Web.

Pacific coastal waves picture clearly showing the  string structure.

 Also, at this point, I was looking through a paper on Superradiance (SR) phenomenon – a radiation enhancement process involving interaction of a propagating wave with an energy-dissipating system, like a vortex, for example, resulting in energy and angular momentum exchange between them.  And I was thinking that the existence of tidal waves consisting of bundles of longitudinal strings may assist in better understanding of the SR phenomenon, showing how the vortex-imposed wrenching action causes the strings to compress forward resulting in their increased localized amplitudes. And also how the vortex wrenching action forces the wave strings to bend and turn propagating in the wrenching dictated direction.

 

Well, this idea… it was finally not bad at all.

I found doing some image analysis work the video (its first 5 sec) from the work https://www.nature.com/nphys/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nphys4151.html published at Nature Phys. and reviewed at http://www.zmescience.com/science/simulating-black-hole-bath-tub/.

But first, why I considered to look through their images. The authors of this work utilized the phenomenon of interaction of plane waves with a so-called bath-tub vortex to address the SR problem. It is not my business to review the results of this study here, I just want to present my findings based on the analysis of their images.

As I assumed above, if the  stringed tidal wave propagates and reaches a vortex, the vortex-imposed wrenching action should cause the forward scattered strings to be longitudinally compressed resulting in increase of their amplitudes. And also forcing the strings to bend and to propagate in the wrenching ordered direction. Well, I was too kind with regard to the vortex action, which came out to be way more cruel than I could expect.

The set of images below (original snapshot from the mentioned above work, and two its black&white copies with different level of contrast and brightness to accent what I found. In the image the surface light reflections clearly mark the wave sequence propagating towards the vortex, with easily observable its maxima and minima, as well as the vortex itself. Being not sure about the origin of the bottom shade waviness, I manipulated the image contrast and brightness to minimize the bottom shadows imaging contribution (the lower right image). So, here are the observations:

  • The vortex wrenching action not only bends and dis-bundles the strings, but rips them apart causing a complete structural mess in the post-vortex zone.
  • The incoming (pre-vortex) wave fronts, maybe not perfectly, but clearly demonstrate here and there multiple fragments of the stringed structure (those reflecting under given set of conditions)

The deduced features are conceptually well reproduced in all 10 snapshots extracted and analysed.

 

All this effort – does it have some scientific value above satisfying my trivial curiosity? I think, it has, because if the string structure of tidal currents is a generic property, then any propagating wave, including the Big Bang spacetime expansion wave, is/was supposed to leave the space-time modulated with strings, being of long size in reasonably calm areas and ripped, crooked and curled, near Black Holes.

So, was it worth to dig in somebody else’s data? Yes, it was. I learned a lot of new stuff from this analysis:

  1. The waves and the strings are unified.
  2. Because the spacetime is continuous it is subjected to waviness induced by various kind of disturbances. For this reason the waviness is its basic property , gravitational ripples of different periods, amplitudes and wavelengths. Like a surface of an ocean.
  3. And where the waves there the coupled to waves strings – short and long, thick and thin, well bundled and dis-bundled, disrupted and distorted by intense turbulences, like Black Holes, for example.

The major conclusion:

Waves and strings appear to be coupled features. Where the waves there the strings. Even in turbulent zones

The universe is full of waviness and strings short and long, thick and thin, well-bundled and dis-bundled, disrupted and distorted by intense turbulences.

The major conclusion:

Waves and strings appear to be coupled features. Where the waves there the strings. Even in turbulent zones

It may sound crazy, though…

Well, this is our brain, never stops working – use it or loose it. I think I got an idea what drives the large (f(x,y,t)) waves to split in strings – it is just the simple energy minimization law. In other words each f(x,t) wave (or string) of the overall large f(x,y,t) bundle must be as independent as possible ((within the limits of string-to-string adherence, certainly) to minimize energy losses due to inevitable in reality sudden distresses, jerks, shocks, pulls etc.. So it is a natural large wave property, actually a natural property of any flexible continuous medium, substantia, exposed to the actions of deforming forces and capable to adjust its shape in response to the applied force.

Sounds good to me at this point!

Analyzing the Universe structure may provide some clues on this matter.